Why You Should Breed
See, every Pokémon you catch, find, trade, or hatch, even if they are of the same species, has a different set of attributes referred to as Individual Values. These IVs are essentially a specific Pokémon’s genetic code and thus determine how effective they are in battle relative to the six base stats: HP, Attack, Defense, Special Attack, Special Defense, and Speed.
Each of the six base stats provide a permanent and valuable boost to your Pokémon in battle. Here’s the breakdown:
- Hit Points (or HP): Determines how much damage a Pokémon can take. It’s your Pokémon’s effective health bar.
- Attack: Determines how much damage a Pokémon deals when using a physical move.
- Defense: Determines how much damage a Pokémon receives when hit with a physical move.
- Special Attack: Determines how much damage a Pokémon deals when using a special move.
- Special Defense: Determines how much damage a Pokémon receives when hit with a special move.
- Speed: Determines how quickly a Pokémon can act in battle. Pokémon with a higher Speed will almost always make a move before the one with lower Speed, and if both are tied in value, one will randomly be chosen to go first.
IVs range from zero to 31 in each of the stats for a Pokémon, adding one point to the corresponding stat when a Pokémon reaches level 100. This means that you can tack on up to 31 points per stat (HP, Attack, Defense, Special Attack, Defense, and Speed) for an individual Pokémon. Because stats scale with level though, you’ll get less of an effect at lower levels. For example, at level 50, it takes two IVs to make one stat point, thus cutting the bonus in half.
Your end goal is to raise a Pokémon team with perfect IVs across the board, meaning you have a genetically perfect Pokémon which can further be trained with EVs (more on that later) for competitive battling. Thankfully, you don’t have to run around in the wild catching hundreds of a specific Pokémon in hopes of getting one with perfect IVs and a desired Nature because Pokémon breeding is the best way to get a genetically perfect Pokémon in Pokémon Sun and Moon.
The Importance of Pokémon Natures
Every single Pokémon you catch, breed, trade, or find will have a specific Nature located on its summary screen. A Pokémon’s Nature will increase one of its non-HP stats while decreasing another stat, allowing you to boost one slightly to make it more powerful for the role you’re breeding it for.
Nearly every Pokémon has advantages and disadvantages in a more competitive setting, but no matter what you breed them to accomplish, you’ll have a Nature to compliment it. There’s a ridiculous amount of Pokémon Natures to learn, but most of them are relatively straightforward. Here’s an entire breakdown:
- Hardy, Docile, Serious, Bashful, and Quirky: Neutral (no increased or decreased stat).
- Lonely: Increased Attack, decreased Defense.
- Brave: Increased Attack, decreased Defense.
- Adamant: Increased Attack, decreased Special Attack.
- Naughty: Increased Attack, decreased Special Defense.
- Bold: Increased Defense, decreased Attack.
- Relaxed: Increased Defense, decreased Speed.
- Impish: Increased Defense, decreased Special Attack.
- Lax: Increased Defense, decreased Special Defense.
- Timid: Increased Speed, decreased Attack.
- Hasty: Increased Speed, decreased Defense.
- Jolly: Increased Speed, decreased Special Attack.
- Naive: Increased Speed, decreased Special Defense.
- Modest: Increased Special Attack, decreased Attack.
- Mild: Increased Special Attack, decreased Defense.
- Quiet: Increased Special Attack, decreased Speed.
- Rash: Increased Special Attack, decreased Special Defense.
- Calm: Increased Special Defense, decreased Attack.
- Gentle: Increased Special Defense, decreased Defense.
- Sassy: Increased Special Defense, decreased Speed.
- Careful: Increased Special Defense, decreased Special Attack.
When breeding Pokémon, make sure you have the parent with the desired Nature holding the Everstone item which guarantees it will be passed down to its offspring. This is the easiest way to keep your Pokémon breeding on track when attempting to breed a perfect Pokémon for a specific role on your team.
How the Breeding Process Functions
In Pokémon Sun and Moon, you’ll be dropping your Pokémon off at the Pokémon Nursery located on the north end of Paniola Ranch. Speak to the woman at the counter and leave two Pokémon with her, usually a male and a female, to have them make an egg. Be sure to check if they’re from the same egg group first otherwise you won’t find any eggs upon your return.
Egg groups determine which Pokémon are capable of producing eggs together, which can easily be found on Pokémon databases such as Serebii or Bulbapedia. Often, you’ll find some odd combinations, like Magikarp and Charizard, but what you’ll want to aim for is breeding with a Ditto, who can breed with almost every Pokémon regardless of their egg group resulting in a much faster IV transition.
When two Pokémon from the same egg group are placed in the Pokémon Nursery to make an egg, there’s a few important things you need to know about. If the parents aren’t holding any items, the Pokémon you hatch from their eggs will have a random Nature, an ability from one of its parents, and three random stats from its parents. Fortunately, there are ways to shift the odds in your favor. You’ll just have to collect some items and Pokémon first. Here’s what you’ll need to grab:
- Everstone: When held by a Pokémon, this stone doesn’t allow them to evolve. It also ensures that a Pokémon’s Nature is passed down when breeding, which means you’ll be able to have set Natures instead of random ones. You can get one from battling llima again at his house in Hau’oli City.
- Destiny Knot: The Destiny Knot ensures that five of a Pokémon’s stats are inherited from its parents. This can be purchased at the Battle Royal Dome.
- Oval Charm: This little charm causes Pokémon in the Nursery to produce eggs more frequently. You can get one from Heahea City on Akala Island in the Game Freak office building by battling the gentleman standing by the desk.
- A Pokémon with Flame Body: The flame body ability allows eggs to hatch twice as fast, reducing the time taken per egg and speeding up the breeding process. You can find a Pokémon in the wild and if you have him or her in your party, the ability will work correctly.
- Power Items: Certain items in-game can ensure that a specific stat is passed down. These items include the Power Weight, Power Anklet, Power Band, Power Belt, Power Bracer, and Power Lens. Don’t worry about these too much at first, but they can help if you’re missing a specific IV. You can purchase them all at the Battle Royal Dome.
Once you’ve obtained the items you need to breed efficiently, grab the pair of Pokémon you wish to breed and head back to the Pokémon Nursery. Give the Everstone to the parent who holds the desired Nature, and pass the Destiny Knot to the parent with the best IVs. Then, wait for your first egg to appear. Grab it from the Nursery, then head down into the small pen filled with hay outside. Mount up on your Tauros with your Ride Pager and have him charge, running in small circles in the pen until your egg hatches.
Ultimately, you’re looking to hatch a Pokémon with better IVs than one of the parents, then you’ll swap it into the breeding rotation at the Nursery to further your chances of getting more perfect IVs in the next Pokémon you hatch. It may take a ton of time and a bit of luck, but eventually? You’ll end up with a Pokémon that has perfect IVs across the board.